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Using a stethoscope, your doctor will listen to your heartbeat. If healthy, a heart will have a steady rhythm and produce a “lub-dub” sound whenever it beats. The closing of the mitral and tricuspid vales create the first sound in your heartbeat. The second sound comes from the aortic and pulmonary valves closing after blood leaves your heart.

A cardiac catheterization is most often performed at a hospital. Do not eat or drink for six to eight hours prior to your procedure. After receiving a mild sedative, you will remain awake during the procedure. The area of catheter insertion will be numbed with a local anesthetic. The catheter, a long, flexible tube, may be inserted into an artery in the groin or arm area.

Cardiac imaging is a branch of radiology that specializes in using technology to allow detailed observation of the heart and blood vessels without open surgery. There are various types of cardiac imaging that allow doctors to check for heart problems, monitor heart functioning, and diagnose heart disorders. Stroke and other conditions can be evaluated by imaging blood vessels in the brain.

A cardiac stress test ECG is also known as a stress test, exercise ECG, or treadmill test. A cardiac stress test ECG evaluates how your heart performs and functions during exercise, and is used to assess the general health of your heart. It can also detect poor physical fitness, irregular heartbeats, and coronary artery disease. The test is often performed for people with abnormal heart rhythms,

Cardiomypathy – what does it mean? The prefix “cardio” comes from the Ancient Greek word “kardia,” meaning heart. “Myopathy” is a combination of the Greek “myo” for muscle and “pathos” for suffering, and refers to a muscular disease. Though many people associate muscles only with the limbs...

Carotid artery disease occurs when blocked carotid arteries cannot efficiently transport blood. Carotid arteries transport blood from your heart to your brain and head, and can suffer from plaque buildup over time, causing carotid artery disease. This may result in a mini-stroke, stroke, and even death.

Your cardiovascular system is made up of the heart and the blood vessels that transport blood all throughout your body. The heart, which is a large fist-sized muscle, is the core of your cardiovascular system. Located leftward in your chest, the heart works as a pump for the blood, 

Blood vessels that send oxygenated blood outward from the heart are called arteries. Of all the blood vessels in your body, the aorta is the largest. The left ventricle is separated from the aorta by the aortic valve. Coronary arteries branch off from the aorta to keep the heart supplied with nutrients

There are several large veins and arteries connected to the heart that branch out and become tinier as they wind throughout the body. Arteries and veins are both types of blood vessels that transport blood throughout the body in a process known as circulation. Arteries transport oxygenated blood out of your heart while veins deliver deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

An echocardiogram creates a detailed live picture of the heart that is used to assess heart pumping, evaluate functioning of the heart chambers and valves, and screen for heart murmurs. It is commonly used to evaluate hear functioning in people that have previously had heart attacks, as well as check for heart disease.

Before your procedure, a technician will apply several discs of electrodes to your skin. The electrodes will send information to a recording machine. At several points during the procedure, a technician will ask you to hold your breath or remain motionless. An echocardiogram is a painless, easy procedure. After the recording machine prints your results, the doctor will review them with you.

Your cardiovascular system is made up of the heart and the blood vessels that transport blood all throughout your body. The heart, which is a large fist-sized muscle, is the core of your cardiovascular system. Located leftward in your chest, the heart works as a pump for the blood, which delivers oxygen and nutrients to your body’s cells while carrying away waste products.

Your cardiovascular system is made up of the heart and the blood vessels that transport blood all throughout your body. The heart, which is a large fist-sized muscle, is the core of your cardiovascular system. Located leftward in your chest, the heart works as a pump for the blood, which delivers oxygen and nutrients to your body’s...

Severe or malignant high blood pressure can cause lightheadedness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, and vision problems. Malignant high blood pressure, which is a hypertensive crisis, is rapidly rising high blood pressure where the diastolic pressure often surpasses 140 mm Hg. Get medical services immediately if your diastolic pressure exceeds

Cholesterol is an essential fat-like substance. While you get cholesterol from the food you consume, your liver produces the majority. Cholesterol is an important component in your cells, blood, and body tissues and plays an essential role in allowing your muscles, liver, nerves, skin, heart, intestines, and brain to function.

The thyroid gland is located in front of your windpipe in the lower front section of your neck. It produces two types of thyroid hormones – triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), which are secreted into your blood circulation and flow all throughout your body. These hormones regulate the function of all your body’s cells and tissue. 

Your heart manages dual pumping systems with one on the left side and one on the right side. The left side’s system comprises the left ventricle and left atrium. When you breathe in, your lungs infuse your blood with new oxygen. Your left atrium receives this newly oxygenated blood and moves it to the left ventricle, which sends it out

Consult with your doctor for tailored recommendations that take into account your health history. Your doctor is a great resource that can address your specific needs and advise you on how to proceed, knowing your health status and concerns. They will know the food guidelines that address common...

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition that causes poor blood circulation to the arms, legs, kidneys, intestines, and feet. PAD is also known as peripheral vascular disease and arteriosclerosis of the extremities. It can lead to tissue and nerve damage or injury because of reduced or blocked blood...

The pericardium is a sac-like, thin membrane that covers the heart’s exterior as well as the roots of the blood vessels that are connected to the heart. It has an outer and inner layer, with a small amount of lubricating fluid between the two layers. The lubricant permits the layers to easily move and adjust whenever the heart contracts.

Your veins are responsible for carrying deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Varicose veins develop in areas where the blood, which ought to moving toward the heart, instead develops a back flow. This can be due to a deformities, a lack of valves, or faulty valves that inhibit the normal blood flow. Varicose veins can be painful and are often characterized as swollen blue areas under the skin.

You may consider sleep to be your body’s autopilot mode. During sleep, your brain regulates automatic functions like heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure. Though it remains a complex process that is yet to be fully understood, sleep is a definite factor in optimal health and functioning. Sleep apnea occurs when breathing repeatedly...

When blood flow is impaired, your brain cells lack the oxygen they need for nourishment. If lacking oxygen, brain cells can be permanently damaged in a matter of seconds. After a few hours without oxygen, brain cells will die. The section of the brain containing the damaged or dead cells can temporarily or permanently cease to function.

Heart attacks can either start slowly or occur intensely and suddenly. A heart attack may cause pressure, fullness, pain, or squeezing in the chest that comes and goes. You may feel like you’re experiencing bad indigestion and pain that spreads to your neck, jaws, teeth, shoulders, arms, abdomen, or back. A heart attack ...

Weight can affect your self-perception, how you feel, and lead to health problems such as diabetes and heart disease. Weighing too little can lead to a whole host of illnesses. Weight management means maintaining a healthy body weight. You can attain and maintain your optimal weight by exercising regularly and eating a healthy, well-balanced diet.